Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac Biography, Life, Interesting Facts
In Gay-Lussac resigned from the Sorbonne and accepted the chair of chemistry at the Jardin des Plantes. Such a wide array of appointments attests to the value his contemporaries placed upon applying chemistry toward solving social and economic concerns. In , he was made a member of the Chamber of Peers, the upper house of the French parliament. Davy on his side seems to have felt that the French chemist was competing with him, not altogether fairly, in trying to appropriate the honor of discovering the character of the substance and of its compound, hydriodic acid. In Gay-Lussac experimentally demonstrated that prussic acid was simply hydrocyanic acid, a compound of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen, and he also isolated the compound cyanogen CN 2 or C 2 N 2.
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He also demonstrated that different gases expand at the same rate when subject to an increase in temperature at constant pressure. His father sent him to a boarding school in Paris to prepare him to study law. His services to industry included his improvements in the processes for the manufacture of sulphuric acid and oxalic acid ; methods of estimating the amount of real alkali in potash and soda by the volume of standard acid required for neutralization, and for estimating the available chlorine in bleaching powder by a solution of arsenious acid; directions for the use of the centesimal alcoholometer published in and specially commended by the Institute; and the elaboration of a method of assaying silver by a standard solution of common salt, a volume on which was published in In a following solo flight, Gay-Lussac reached 7, metres more than 23, feet , thereby setting a record for the highest balloon flight that remained unbroken for a half-century. Freethought Almanac. During this trip he took measurements of the earth's magnetic field , and studied Mount Vesuvius, an active volcano which erupted around that time. But his law of combination by volumes was not enunciated in its general form until after his return from a scientific journey through Switzerland, Italy and Germany, on which with Humboldt he started from Paris in March